Radiology billing, Coding, Documentation, CPT codes, denial management, and Reimbursement.

Covered Services:

a. Except for specific laboratory tests identified under non-covered services, the Division of Health Care Financing and Policy (DHCFP) reimburses organ or disease oriented panels, therapeutic drug assays, evocative/suppression testing, clinical pathology consultations, urinalysis, chemistry, hematology and coagulation, immunology, tissue typing, transfusion medicine, microbiology, cytopathology, cytogenic, surgical pathology, total transcutaneous bilirubin and tests specified under, Other Procedures? in the most recent version of Current Procedural Terminology (CPT). Reference the Nevada Medicaid and NCU billing guidelines for Provider Type 43, Laboratory, Pathology/Clinical, for covered CPT codes.

b. Follow-up testing performed by either the discharging hospital laboratory and/or the newborn?s physician for newborns discharged with a hyperbilirubinemia diagnosis.

c. Ova and parasite testing for medically appropriate diagnosis.

d. An arterial blood drawing fee for Arterial Blood Gases (ABG) performed by physicians and/or respiratory therapists.

e. Specialized or unique testing which cannot be performed within the State and catchment area laboratories referred to a reference laboratory. Reference Section

803.1C.2 regarding prior authorization requirements.

f. Genotype and Phenotype assay testing for recipients:

1. With an acute (new or recent) HIV diagnosis upon entry into HIV care and/or prior to the initiation of antiretroviral therapy

2. Presenting with documented virologic failure after initiation of antiretroviral therapy

3. Demonstrating documented suboptimal suppression of viral load after initiation of antiretroviral therapy.

g. One venipuncture specimen collection fee per patient, per date of service, specifically when the specimen is sent directly from a physician? office laboratory or clinic to an independent clinical laboratory for testing.

h. Laboratory tests associated with the EPSDT (Healthy Kids Program) screening examination referenced in Medicaid Services Manual (MSM) Chapter 1500. The associated costs of the hematocrit and urine? dip stick? with the exception of metabolic screening (e.g. Phenylketonuria (PKU)) and sickle cell screening fees, are included as part of the fee for EPSDT.

i. Metabolic screening (e.g. PKU) tests are referred to the Nevada State Public Health Laboratory.

j. Sickle cell screens are referred to an independent clinical laboratory.

k. Serological or rapid-test HIV testing during the first and/or third trimester of pregnancy or during childbirth performed in accordance with NRS 442.600 ? 442.660.

l. An HIV rapid test for newborns (including infants in foster care) when the mother has not been tested for HIV prior to or during the delivery or if the mother? HIV status is unknown postpartum. Serologic testing for syphilis in the first and third trimester of pregnancy in accordance with NRS 442.010.

n. Semen analysis, motility and count following a vasectomy procedure, not including Huhner test, is limited to the CPT code that is specified in the DHCFP? Quality Improvement Organization (QIO)-like vendor billing manual.

o. HIV tropism testing, not meeting criteria specified in Section 803.1A.2.m.

p. Drug Screening and Testing

1. Drugs or drug classes for which screening is performed should only reflect those likely to be present based on the recipient? medical history, current clinical presentation or risk potential for abuse and diversion.

2. Each drug or drug class being tested for must be indicated by the referring physician in a written order and reflected in the patient? medical record.

This information must be patient-specific and accurately reflect the need for each test and must include the specific drugs being screened including recipient diagnosis.

3. Current coding for testing of drugs relies on a structure of screening (known  as presumptive screening) and may be followed by quantitative measurements (known as definitive testing) that identifies the specific drug or drugs and quantity in the recipient.

a. Only one presumptive test performed by direct observation or instrument assisted direct observation or instrument chemistry analyzers may be billed per recipient per day within a maximum of 20 presumptive test per 12-rolling months.

1. If the recipient should require more than 20 presumptive tests per 12-rolling month, a prior authorization is required.

b. Only three definitive drug tests are permitted per recipient per 12-rolling months.

1. If the recipient requires more than three definitive tests per 12-rolling month, a prior authorization is required, meeting medical necessity.

2. Definitive testing is only covered to confirm an unexpected result or identify drugs or metabolites that cannot be detected on a presumptive drug screen.

3. Definitive testing should be based on the recipient? presentation and history and only include what is needed for safe pain management.

4. Standing orders for presumptive drug screens may be utilized, but must be individualized for each member, signed and dated by the treating practitioner and updated every 30 days. Standing orders are not permitted for definitive drug screens.

5. Procedure codes should be reported with a quantity of one per episode of care, regardless of the number of collection/testing items used, the number of procedures and/or the drug classes screened.

6. Testing for the same drug with a blood and urine specimen simultaneously is not covered.

7. Drug screening for pre-employment or employment purposes, medicolegal and/or court ordered that do not meet medical necessity and/or drug screenings for participation in school or military are not covered.

8. Routine drug screening is not covered unless used in conjunction with an extended course of treatment for substance use disorders. Specific intervals, at which recipient test should be performed, based on their individual needs, must be documented in the member? medical record with their treatment plan.

9. Drug confirmation tests are not eligible to be separately reported under any procedure code, unlisted or otherwise.

2. Non-Covered Services Laboratory tests listed in the most recent, annually updated CPT publication which are not benefits include:

a. Post mortem examination codes.

b. Reproductive medicine procedures, except as indicated in Section 803.1.A.1.m.

c. Handling/conveyance fees (e.g. urine, stool cultures, pap smears).

d. Medicaid and NCU Managed Care recipients (laboratory tests are the sole responsibility of the managed care provider).

e. Those services deemed inappropriate to a probable diagnosis are not covered. Services deemed inappropriate will be reviewed for possible recoupments.

f. All unlisted laboratory codes except for the unlisted microbiology code used to bill phenotype assay tropism testing only.

g. Routine venipuncture by a provider testing the laboratory specimen or referring the laboratory specimen to an affiliate laboratory.

h. Collection of a capillary blood specimen (e.g. finger, heel or ear stick) when it is part of or integral to the test procedure (e.g. a bleeding or clotting time).

i. Physician services related to deviation from standard blood banking procedures (e.g. use of outdated blood or Rh incompatible units)

j. Microdissection by laser capture.

k. Caffeine halothane contracture test.

l. Routine use (e.g. serial testing) of genotype and/or phenotype testing in individuals without virologic failure or suboptimal viral response or with viral loads maintained at an undetectable level on a current medication regime.

m. HIV tropism test:

1. Subsequent to a prior mixed or dual tropism test result; or

2. Testing performed more than twice in a recipient? lifetime.

n. Blood typing for paternity testing.

o. Gene expression profiling, except when it is medically necessary as a prognostic assay to identify recipients diagnosed with breast cancer who are likely to respond to systemic chemotherapy when utilizing Oncotype DX TM, as defined in Policy Attachment #08-02.

p. Molecular testing except for BRCA1/BRCA2 testing services for:

1. Individuals without a personal history of breast and/or ovarian cancers, considered to be high risk as defined in Policy Attachment #08-01 or as otherwise defined by the US Preventive Services Task Force;

2. Women with a personal history of breast and/or ovarian cancer with a personal history of breast cancer as defined in Policy Attachment #08-01 or as otherwise defined by the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Clinical Practice Guidelines; or

3. Men with a personal history of breast cancer as defined in Policy Attachment #08-01 or as otherwise defined by the NCCN Clinical Practice Guidelines.